Two ubiquitous presences at Occupy Gezi and attendant demonstrations: Çarşı and smart phone cameras.
Çarşı is the fan club of the Beşiktaş football (soccer) club — rough-and-ready, anarchistic, high-spirited, and energetic. Çarşı lent confidence, safety, and a tough urban edge to the protests. (For more on Çarşı, go the archives of The New Yorker magazine for an excellent profile by writer Elif Batuman).
The age of the smart phone has changed the postures of demonstrators. Many protesters march with hands held high, by no means in fascist salutes, but holding cell phones to photograph and record seemingly everything in their fields of vision. Every step, every moment of two weeks of protest seem to have been documented and ready for crowd-sourcing. And, is not impossible that the faces of many activists and protestors have been recorded as well; I noticed occasional cell phone shutterbugs who, if I were the suspicious type, I would identify as police photographers. In all, over the weeks, so many people took so many photographs that any privacy disappeared; during the last days of the park occupation, many occupiers posted signs requesting that passersby refrain from photographing them.